Demographic and psychological features of déjà vu experiences in a nonclinical Japanese population

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2003 Apr;191(4):242-7. doi: 10.1097/01.NMD.0000061149.26296.DC.


The authors investigated the frequency and correlates of déjà vu experiences in 386 healthy adult volunteers recruited from several areas in Japan. Déjà vu experiences and related experiences were evaluated using the Inventory of Déjà vu Experiences Assessment. Déjà vu experiences were observed by 294 (76.2%) of the 386 participants. Persons who experienced déjà vu were younger and more educated than persons who had not experienced it. There were no differences in the frequency of déjà vu experiences based on sex, hand preference, or area of residence. Subsequent factor analysis associated déjà vu with precognitive dreams and remembering dreams as dream- and memory-related factors rather than with the dissociation-related factors of depersonalization, derealization, jamais vu, and daydreams or with mental activity-related factors such as paranormal quality and travel frequency. Results suggest that déjà vu experiences are associated with good memory function.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Deja Vu / psychology*
  • Depersonalization / epidemiology
  • Depersonalization / psychology
  • Dreams / psychology
  • Educational Status
  • Ethnicity / psychology
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data*
  • Fantasy
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Japan / ethnology
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Middle Aged
  • Parapsychology
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Population
  • Sex Factors
  • Travel / statistics & numerical data