Combined diagnostic imaging of Crohn's disease: an outlook

Rays. Jan-Mar 2002;27(1):11-8.

Abstract

Crohn's disease is an inflammatory disease of the mucosa and bowel wall layers involving peritoneal, mesenteric structures and lymph nodes. The combination of the various imaging procedures plays a major role in the evaluation of Crohn's disease patients, based on which an optimal definition of the disease stage is achieved. This is required for a correct therapeutic strategy that can be exclusively medical, surgical or elective in complications. In the combined approach, the follow-through study of the small bowel and enteroclysis in particular, represents the examination of choice to document the early disease, early signs of recurrence with the demonstration of all mucosal alterations, including fistulous tracts. Sonography, CT and MRI allow the evaluation of Crohn's location in the wall and adjacent region. Preliminary results of CT-enteroclysis and MR-enteroclysis seem able to document mucosal alterations and morphofunctional characteristics In the near future these new examinations could become a real one-stop-shop coupled with wireless endoscopy in the study of Crohn's disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Crohn Disease / diagnosis*
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans