Efficacy of the RECAP intervention program for children with concurrent internalizing and externalizing problems

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003 Apr;71(2):364-74. doi: 10.1037/0022-006x.71.2.364.


The authors evaluated the efficacy of RECAP, a psychosocial intervention developed to treat concurrent internalizing and externalizing problems in children. Participants included 93 4th-grade children assigned to the treatment group or a no-treatment control group. The school-based program, which lasts the 9-month academic year, provides individual, group, classroom, teacher, and parent training in the RECAP skills-development curriculum, which was derived from empirically supported treatment programs for nonconcurrent internalizing and externalizing problems. Outcome assessments included parent-, teacher-, self-, and peer reports. A mixed hierarchical linear models analysis indicated that, overall, treatment children's rate of improvement in both internalizing and externalizing problems was significantly greater than that for control participants.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychology, Child
  • Psychotherapy / methods*
  • School Health Services
  • Treatment Outcome