In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the spindle position checkpoint ensures that cells do not exit mitosis until the mitotic spindle moves into the mother/bud neck and thus guarantees that each cell receives one nucleus [1-6]. Mitotic exit is controlled by the small G protein Tem1p. Tem1p and its GTPase activating protein (GAP) Bub2p/Bfa1p are located on the daughter-bound spindle pole body. The GEF Lte1p is located in the bud. This segregation helps keep Tem1p in its inactive GDP state until the spindle enters the neck. However, the checkpoint functions without Lte1p and apparently senses cytoplasmic microtubules in the mother/bud neck [7-9]. To investigate this mechanism, we examined mutants defective for septins, which compose a ring at the neck . We found that the septin mutants sep7Delta and cdc10Delta are defective in the checkpoint. When movement of the spindle into the neck was delayed, mitotic exit occurred, inappropriately leaving both nuclei in the mother. In sep7Delta and cdc10Delta mutants, Lte1p is mislocalized to the mother. In sep7Delta, but not cdc10Delta, mutants, inappropriate mitotic exit depends on Lte1p. These results suggest that septins serve as a diffusion barrier for Lte1p, and that Cdc10p is needed for the septin ring to serve as a scaffold for a putative microtubule sensor.