The glutamate synthase (GOGAT) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae plays an important role in central nitrogen metabolism

FEMS Yeast Res. 2001 Dec;1(3):169-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1567-1364.2001.tb00031.x.


Central nitrogen metabolism contains two pathways for glutamate biosynthesis, glutaminases and glutamate synthase (GOGAT), using glutamine as the sole nitrogen source. GOGAT's importance for cellular metabolism is still unclear. For a further physiological characterisation of the GOGAT function in central nitrogen metabolism, a GOGAT-negative (Deltaglt1) mutant strain (VWk274 LEU(+)) was studied in glutamine-limited continuous cultures. As reference, we did the same experiments with a wild-type strain (VWk43). Intracellular and extracellular metabolites were analysed during different steady states in both strains. The redox state of the cell was taken into account and the NAD(H) and NADP(H) concentrations were determined as well as the reduced and oxidised forms of glutathione (GSH and GSSG, respectively). The results of this study confirm an earlier suggestion, based on a metabolic network model, that GOGAT may be a link between the carbon catabolic reactions (energy production) and nitrogen anabolic reactions (biomass production) by working as a shuttle between cytosol and mitochondria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Culture Media
  • Fermentation
  • Glutamate Synthase / genetics
  • Glutamate Synthase / metabolism*
  • Glutamine / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Nitrogen / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics


  • Culture Media
  • Glutamine
  • Glutamate Synthase
  • Nitrogen