To gain a better understanding of drug-drug interaction between various medicinal substances and statins, in vitro experiments using human hepatic microsomes were performed. The metabolic clearance of atorvastatin (CAS 134523-00-5) was about 32 microliters/min/mg protein, some 15-fold greater than that of pitavastatin (CAS 147526-32-7). On co-incubation with several medicinal substances, metabolic inhibition of pitavastatin was negligible in human hepatic microsomes. However, a remarkable metabolic inhibition of atorvastatin was noted in the presence of various medicinal substances. The intrinsic clearance of atorvastatin lactone was 20-fold greater than that of its acid form, whereas no marked difference was noted between pitavastatin and its lactone form. Pitavastatin lactone showed no inhibitory effect on CYP3A4-mediated metabolism of testosterone in contrast to atorvastatin lactone. These results suggest that pitavastatin and its lactone form will be highly unlikely to interact with other drugs in clinical practice.