Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus: decreased HbA1c with low risk of hypoglycemia

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Mar;16(3):393-9. doi: 10.1515/jpem.2003.16.3.393.

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate blood glucose and HbA1c levels, insulin dosage, hypoglycemia rate and body mass index (BMI) at baseline, and at 3 and 6 months after initiation of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in children and youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Methods: A 6-month trial of pump therapy was carried out in 40 patients with type 1 DM and one with cystic fibrosis (CF) induced DM (25 males), aged 4-25 years (mean 13.5 +/- 4.2 [SD]; 4-8 years, n = 6; 8-10 years, n = 8; 10-12 years, n = 4; 12-15 years, n = 11; >15 years, n = 12).

Results: HbA1c was significantly reduced from 9.5 +/- 1.7% to 8.6 +/- 1.2% at 3 months (p < 0.03), and at 6 months 8.8 +/- 1.5% (p < 0.05). The mean daily values of blood glucose, as well as individual mean values of blood glucose at fasting and before lunch, also exhibited a significant reduction (p < 0.05) at 3 and 6 months. There was a significant reduction in the number of hypoglycemic events (level of plasma glucose <3.3 mmol/l, calculated as number of events per patient/30 days) at 3 months (6.5 +/- 5.5 vs 2.8 +/- 3.3; p = 0.02) and at 6 months (6.5 +/- 5.5 vs 3.5 +/- 3.0; p = 0.04). The insulin requirement dropped by 27.2% (1.03 +/- 0.30 U/kg/day before starting CSII; 0.75 +/- 020 U/kg/day on insulin pump therapy onset; 0.76 +/- 0.18 U/kg/day at 3 months; 0.75 +/- 0.21 U/kg/day at 6 months). During the follow-up 0.10 events of diabetic ketoacidosis/patient/year were recorded. The patients exhibited no increase in BMI during the 6 months of follow-up.

Conclusion: CSII was safe and effective in improving short- and medium-term metabolic control in young adults, adolescents and younger children with DM.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / blood
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Infusion Pumps
  • Injections, Subcutaneous / instrumentation*
  • Insulin / administration & dosage*
  • Insulin Infusion Systems*
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin