Aims: To measure lipoprotein (Lp)(a) levels in people with diabetes mellitus (DM) and to see if there is any difference in Lp(a) levels between diabetics with good glycaemic control and those with poor glycaemic control.
Methods: Sixty subjects with DM and thirty healthy individuals were studied. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, Serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoproteins, high density lipoproteins and Lp(a).
Results: A non significant difference was found between the lipid profile of normal individuals and subjects with DM with a good glycemic control. Lp(a) levels were significantly raised in diabetics. The difference in Lp(a) levels between well controlled and poorly controlled diabetics was non significant. In the control group 23.4% of individuals had high risk levels of Lp(a) while it was 46.7 % for people with DM.
Conclusion: Glycaemic control improves lipid profile positively in diabetics and may even lead to near normalization of lipoprotein concentrations. Diabetics have elevated levels of Lp(a) and the difference in Lp(a) levels between well controlled and poorly controlled diabeticsts is non-significant.