The physiological effects of dietary boron

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2003;43(2):219-31. doi: 10.1080/10408690390826491.


Boron may be an essential nutrient for animals and humans. Dietary boron influences the activity of many metabolic enzymes, as well as the metabolism of steroid hormones and several micronutrients, including calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D. Boron supplementation in rats and chicks has been shown to increase bone strength. Boron may also play a role in improving arthritis, plasma lipid profiles, and brain function. Additional research is necessary to further clarify boron's influence in human and animal physiology, as well as determine a dietary requirement for humans.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Boron / chemistry
  • Boron / metabolism
  • Boron / physiology*
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Food Analysis
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Absorption
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Boron