Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land by trees--a review

Environ Int. 2003 Jul;29(4):529-40. doi: 10.1016/S0160-4120(02)00152-6.


This paper reviews the potential for using trees for the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land. It considers the following aspects: metal tolerance in trees, heavy metal uptake by trees grown on contaminated substrates, heavy metal compartmentalisation within trees, phytoremediation using trees and the phytoremediation potential of willow (Salix spp.).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Environmental Pollution / prevention & control
  • Metals, Heavy / isolation & purification*
  • Metals, Heavy / pharmacokinetics
  • Soil Pollutants / isolation & purification*
  • Soil Pollutants / pharmacokinetics
  • Trees*


  • Metals, Heavy
  • Soil Pollutants