Objectives: We tested the hypothesis that thinner-strut stents are associated with a reduced rate of restenosis when comparing two stents with different design.
Background: We have previously shown that, for two stents with similar design, the risk for restenosis is dependent on the strut thickness. It is unknown whether strut thickness preserves its relevance as a determinant of restenosis even in the presence of different stent designs.
Methods: A total of 611 patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to receive either the thin-strut ACS RX Multilink stent (Guidant, Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Santa Clara, California) (strut thickness 50 microm, interconnected ring design; n = 309) or the thick-strut BX Velocity stent (Cordis Corp., Miami, Florida) (strut thickness 140 microm, closed cell design; n = 302). The primary end point was angiographic restenosis (> or =50% diameter stenosis at follow-up angiography). Secondary end points were the incidence of target-vessel revascularization (TVR) and the combined rate of death and myocardial infarction (MI) at one year.
Results: The incidence of angiographic restenosis was 17.9% in the thin-strut group and 31.4% in the thick-strut group, relative risk, 0.57 (95% confidence interval, 0.39 to 0.84), p < 0.001. A TVR due to restenosis was required in 12.3% of the thin-strut group and 21.9% of the thick-strut group, relative risk, 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.38 to 0.84), p = 0.002. No significant difference was observed in the combined incidence of death and MI at one year.
Conclusions: When two stents with different design are compared, the stent with thinner struts elicits less angiographic and clinical restenosis than the thicker-strut stent.