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, 278 (27), 24831-6

Targeting of Protein Kinase A by Muscle A Kinase-Anchoring Protein (mAKAP) Regulates Phosphorylation and Function of the Skeletal Muscle Ryanodine Receptor

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Targeting of Protein Kinase A by Muscle A Kinase-Anchoring Protein (mAKAP) Regulates Phosphorylation and Function of the Skeletal Muscle Ryanodine Receptor

Mary L Ruehr et al. J Biol Chem.

Abstract

Protein kinase A anchoring proteins (AKAPs) tether cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) to specific subcellular locations. The muscle AKAP, mAKAP, co-localizes with the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channel or ryanodine receptor (RyR). The purpose of this study was to determine whether anchoring of PKA by mAKAP regulates RyR function. Either mAKAP or mAKAP-P, which is unable to anchor PKA, was expressed in CHO cells stably expressing the skeletal muscle isoform of RyR (CHO-RyR1). Immunoelectron microscopy showed that mAKAP co-localized with RyR1 in disrupted skeletal muscle. Following the addition of 10 microm forskolin to activate adenylyl cyclase, RyR1 phosphorylation in CHO-RyR1 cells expressing mAKAP increased by 42.4 +/- 6.6% (n = 4) compared with cells expressing mAKAP-P. Forskolin treatment alone did not increase the amplitude of the cytosolic Ca2+ transient in CHO-RyR1 cells expressing mAKAP or mAKAP-P; however, forskolin plus 10 mm caffeine elicited a cytosolic Ca2+ transient, the amplitude of which increased by 22% (p < 0.05) in RyR1/mAKAP-expressing cells compared with RyR1/mAKAP-P-expressing cells. Therefore, localization of PKA by mAKAP at RyR1 increases both PKA-dependent RyR phosphorylation as well as efflux of Ca2+ through the RyR. Therefore, RyR1 function is regulated by mAKAP targeting of PKA, implying an important functional role for PKA phosphorylation of RyR in skeletal muscle.

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