Objectives: To examine the potential association of human B19 or V9 erythrovirus infection and onset of ANCA-positive vasculitides.
Methods: We tested the sera of 13 adults with newly diagnosed ANCA-positive vasculitides. Each was age- and sex-matched to three sera obtained from healthy controls. All samples were tested for B19- and V9-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM antibodies (Ab) (third-generation ELISA), and B19 or V9 DNA was sought with the polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analysis was performed by conditional logistic regression.
Results: Patient diagnoses comprised six cases of Wegener's granulomatosis, six of microscopic polyangiitis and one of Churg-Strauss syndrome. IgG Ab to B19 were detected equally in patient and control sera (77 and 79% respectively) (odds ratio=0.84, P=0.84). All 13 cases and 39 controls were negative for IgM Ab and viral DNA.
Conclusion: These results suggest that neither acute nor chronic B19 or V9 infection is an aetiological factor in ANCA-associated vasculitides.