Radiographic features of bisphosphonate therapy in pediatric patients

Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Apr;33(4):226-9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-003-0865-1. Epub 2003 Feb 15.

Abstract

Background: Pediatric patients are being treated with bisphosphonates for low bone mineral density. Skeletal radiographic findings have been described with bisphosphonates given orally and intravenously.

Objective: To determine and describe the radiographic findings of cyclic intravenous bisphosphonate therapy in the growing skeleton.

Materials and methods: Retrospective review of radiographs of 32 patients with osteogenesis imperfecta or cerebral palsy treated with intravenous bisphosphonates on a quarterly schedule.

Results: Principal observations were metaphyseal bands and increased bone mineral density. The bands varied in spacing according to the age of the patient, rate of growth, and the location of the metaphysis. Fractures continued to be seen in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta.

Conclusion: Cyclic bisphosphonate therapy results in distinctive radiographic findings in the growing skeleton.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bone Density / drug effects*
  • Bone Development
  • Bone Diseases, Metabolic / complications
  • Bone Diseases, Metabolic / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Diseases, Metabolic / drug therapy
  • Bone and Bones / diagnostic imaging*
  • Bone and Bones / drug effects
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnostic imaging
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diphosphonates / administration & dosage
  • Diphosphonates / adverse effects
  • Diphosphonates / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / complications
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / diagnostic imaging
  • Pamidronate
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Diphosphonates
  • Pamidronate