Detection of antibodies against spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR), typhus group Rickettsia (TGR), and Coxiella burnetii in human febrile patients in the Philippines

Jpn J Infect Dis. 2003 Feb;56(1):26-8.


A total of 157 sera from febrile patients in the Philippine General Hospital in Manila, Luzon, and the Northern Samar Provincial Hospital, the Philippines, were used. Serum antibodies against spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) and typhus group Rickettsia (TGR) were detected by indirect immunofluorescence test. Antibody positive rates were 1.3% for SFGR (Rickettsia japonica) and 2.5% for TGR (R. typhus), respectively. Rickettsial antibodies in humans in the Philippines were found for the first time. These results underscore the need for further epidemiological study of clinical rickettsioses in the Philippines.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood*
  • Coxiella burnetii / immunology
  • Coxiella burnetii / isolation & purification
  • Female
  • Fever / epidemiology
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Philippines / epidemiology
  • Q Fever / epidemiology*
  • Rickettsia / classification
  • Rickettsia / genetics
  • Rickettsia / immunology
  • Rickettsia / isolation & purification*
  • Rickettsia Infections / epidemiology*
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne / epidemiology*
  • Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne / immunology


  • Antibodies, Bacterial