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. May-Jun 2003;23(3):186-93.
doi: 10.1159/000070864. Epub 2003 Apr 24.

Death With Functioning Graft in Living Donor Kidney Transplantation: Analysis of Risk Factors

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Death With Functioning Graft in Living Donor Kidney Transplantation: Analysis of Risk Factors

Amgad E El-Agroudy et al. Am J Nephrol. .
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Background: Death with a functioning graft (DWF) has been reported as a major cause of graft loss after renal transplantation. It has been reported to occur in 9-30%.

Methods: From March 1976 to January 2002, a total of 1400 living donor renal transplants were performed in our center. Out of 257 reported deaths among our patients, 131 recipients died with functioning grafts after a mean period of 53.4 +/- 53.2 months.

Results: DWF patients account for 27% of all graft losses in our series. The mean age was 34.9 + 10.6 (range 8-62 years), 98 of them were male and 33 were female. The original kidney disease was GN in 9, PN in 24, PCK in 5 and nephrosclerosis in 8 patients. Acute rejection episodes were diagnosed in 84 patients (63.1). The post-transplant complications encountered were hypertension in 78 patients (59.5%), diabetes mellitus in 30 patients (22.9%), medical infections in 68 (51.5%), hepatic complications in 30 (22.9%) and malignancy in 17 patients (13%). The main causes of death in these patients were infections in 46 (35.6%), cardiovascular in 23 (17.6%), liver cell failure in 15 patients (11.4%) and malignancy in 8 (6.1%). The mean serum creatinine was 2 +/- 0.6 mg/dl at last follow-up before death.

Conclusion: We conclude that the relatively higher mortality in renal transplantation is, in part, due to co-morbid medical illness, pre-transplant dialysis treatment, and factors uniquely related to transplantation, including immunosuppression and other drug effects. DWF must be in consideration when calculating graft survival.

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