CG5601 is a novel immunomodulatory substance showing anti-inflammatory properties comparable to thalidomide. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of CG5601 in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) and to evaluate its influence on leukocyte-endothelium interaction, the anterior chamber inflammatory reaction was assessed and intravital fluorescence microscopy was carried out at 2, 4, 8 and 24 h. Lewis rats received an intraperitoneal injection of CG5601 (200 mg/kg b.w.) at the time of lipopolysaccharide injection. At 8 and 24 h, CG5601 inhibited the cell migration and protein concentration in the aqueous humor compared to untreated EIU (p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference between nontreated animals and vehicle controls. The treatment of CG5601 reduced the number of rolling leukocytes. At early time points (2 and 4 h), inhibition of rolling leukocyte flux was significant (p < 0.005). The rise of serum TNF-alpha levels in EIU at 2 h was reduced. CG5601 exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects in EIU.
Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel