The authors report the prenatal sonographic diagnosis of subependymal cysts, confirmed by in utero MRI, in an apparently uneventful pregnancy. The sonographic appearance of the lesions, the obstetric management and the postnatal follow-up to one year are described. Special attention is paid to prenatal factors of neurological morbidity, rather than intrapartum and postnatal, thus emphasizing the importance of early and sequential evaluation of the developing fetal brain. Diagnosis, clinical significance and outcome of prenatal subependymal cysts are necessary for parental counselling and obstetric management. Furthermore, the detection of a prenatal brain injury may have remarkable medico-legal implications.
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