The terms "diabetic control" and "diabetic management" are not synonymous. Diabetic control implies normal glucose metabolism, typically monitored by periodic determinations of plasma glucose and urine reducing sugar concentrations. A group of 220 diabetic children attending a camp complied 74% of the time with the request to collect and test their urine for URS. Fifty percent of random URS values determined by the children varied from those obtained on the same specimens of urine by laboratory technicians. Good diabetic control defined URS less than 25gm/24 hours was found in 18 of 54 children.