Objective: To evaluate an ambulatory, family-focused intervention aimed at optimizing
Study design: Study design We randomly assigned 105 children and adolescents, 8 to 17 years of age, with T1DM for < or =6 years, to a family-focused teamwork (TW) intervention or to standard multidisciplinary diabetes care (SC). Patients in both study groups were seen at 3- to 4-month intervals and were followed prospectively for 1 year. Measures of family involvement in diabetes tasks, DFC, and quality of life were performed at baseline and after 1 year. Hemoglobin A1c was measured at each visit.
Results: Patients (n = 100) completed follow-up, (50 in TW and 50 in SC). At entry, A1c was 8.4% +/- 1.3% in TW and 8.3% +/- 1.0% in SC. After 1 year, A1c was 8.2% +/- 1.1% in TW compared with 8.7% +/- 1.5% in SC (P <.05). Both groups had similar frequencies of blood glucose monitoring (BGM) and insulin dosing. Families exposed to the TW intervention maintained or increased family involvement significantly more than families exposed to SC (P =.05). In multivariate analysis, the TW intervention and the daily frequency of BGM significantly predicted A1c (R (2) = 0.17, P =.05). Despite increased family involvement, the TW group reported no increase in DFC or decrease in quality of life.
Conclusions: The ambulatory TW intervention prevented the expected deterioration in glycemic control seen with SC in youths with T1DM of < or =6 years' duration. Successful family involvement may assist in the preservation of health and the prevention of long-term diabetes complications for youth with diabetes.