The three-dimensional structure of the type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R1) has been determined by electron cryomicroscopy and single-particle reconstruction. The receptor was immunoaffinity-purified and formed functional InsP3- and heparin-sensitive channels with a unitary conductance similar to native InsP3Rs. The channel structure exhibits the expected 4-fold symmetry and comprises two morphologically distinct regions: a large pinwheel and a smaller square. The pinwheel region has four radial curved spokes interconnected by a central core. The InsP3-binding core domain has been localized within each spoke of the pinwheel region by fitting its x-ray structure into our reconstruction. A structural mapping of the amino acid sequences to several functional domains is deduced within the structure of the InsP3R1 tetramer.