Review of Diagnostic Imaging of Ear Diseases in the Dog and Cat

Vet Radiol Ultrasound. Mar-Apr 2003;44(2):137-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2003.tb01262.x.

Abstract

Diagnostic imaging techniques (conventional radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) are an essential tool in the diagnostic work-up of ear diseases. Conventional radiography is commonly used, but often lacks sensitivity. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) are complementary imaging studies of the middle ear, labyrinth, internal auditory canal and their contents. CT provides excellent images of bony structures and is indicated where osseous changes are of greatest diagnostic importance. MR is superior in imaging soft tissue components including intralabyrinthine fluid. Therefore, more than one of these imaging techniques may be required in order to make a diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cats
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis
  • Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Dogs
  • Ear Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Ear Diseases / veterinary*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed