Asthma symptoms associated with depression and lower quality of life: a population survey

Med J Aust. 2003 May 5;178(9):437-41.


Objective: To identify any association between asthma and depression and quality of life.

Design and setting: A face-to-face Health Omnibus Survey of a random and representative sample of the South Australian population in August 1998.

Participants: 3010 randomly selected participants aged 15 years and over.

Main outcome measures: Prevalence of doctor-diagnosed asthma, and scores for depression (measured by PRIME-MD instrument) and quality of life (measured by SF-36) in affected participants.

Results: The prevalence of asthma was 9.9%. The prevalence of major depression was significantly higher for those who experienced dyspnoea, wakening at night with asthma, and morning symptoms of asthma. Quality-of-life scores were also lower for the same groups.

Conclusions: Depression is a serious but potentially remediable comorbidity with asthma that may affect appropriate diagnosis and outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asthma / complications
  • Asthma / epidemiology*
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression / epidemiology*
  • Dyspnea / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology