Administrative coverage data are commonly used to assess coverage of mass vaccination campaigns. These estimates are obtained by dividing the number of doses administered by the number of children of eligible age, usually at the health district level. This study used data from a cluster survey conducted in each of the 53 Burkina Faso health districts immediately after 1999 the National Immunization Days to assess whether administrative estimates correlated with those obtained through survey and whether the former identified districts that achieved suboptimal coverage as measured by cluster survey. During the first round of the campaign there was no significant correlation between data obtained by either method. The correlation was only marginally better during the second round. Although useful to help plan the logistics of a campaign, administrative coverage data should be used with other evaluation techniques in order to determine the number of eligible children vaccinated during a mass campaign.