Dissociative symptoms in posttraumatic stress disorder: diagnosis and treatment

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2003 Apr;12(2):231-49, viii. doi: 10.1016/s1056-4993(02)00103-7.


This article explores the complex relationship between dissociation and psychiatric trauma. Dissociation is described as a defense reaction, a risk factor for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, and as a set of syndromal disturbances. The authors discuss various models proposed for the relationship between these. They outline developmental considerations in diagnosis and treatment and end by discussing further needed research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Dissociative Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Dissociative Disorders / epidemiology
  • Dissociative Disorders / psychology
  • Dissociative Disorders / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Psychological Tests
  • Psychotherapy / methods
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*