Isoflavone intake in four different European countries: the VENUS approach

Br J Nutr. 2003 Jun;89 Suppl 1:S25-30. doi: 10.1079/BJN2002793.


The aim of this study was to identify the level of isoflavone intake (total isoflavones, daidzein and genistein) in four European countries: Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands and the UK. For this purpose national food composition databases of isoflavone content were created in a comparable way, using the Vegetal Estrogens in Nutrition and the Skeleton (VENUS) analytical database as a common basis, and appropriate food consumption data were selected. The isoflavone intake in Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands and the UK is on average less than 1 mg/d. Small groups of consumers of soya foods could be identified in Ireland, The Netherlands and the UK. The estimated intake levels are low compared with those found in typical Asian diets (approximately 20-100 mg/d) and also low compared with levels where physiological effects are expected (60-100 mg/d). The results (including a subgroup analysis of soya product consumers) showed that such levels are difficult to achieve with the European diets studied here.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Diet Surveys
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Genistein / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Isoflavones / administration & dosage*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors
  • Soybeans


  • Isoflavones
  • daidzein
  • Genistein