Aims: The SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries in cardiogenic shocK (SHOCK) Trial showed no benefit of early revascularization in patients aged >/=75 years with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. We examined the effect of age on treatment and outcomes of patients with cardiogenic shock in the SHOCK Trial Registry.
Methods and results: We compared clinical and treatment factors in patients in the SHOCK Trial Registry with shock due to pump failure aged <75 years (n=588) and >/=75 years (n=277), and 30-day mortality of patients treated with early revascularization <18 hours since onset of shock and those undergoing a later or no revascularization procedure. After excluding early deaths covariate-adjusted relative risk and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to compare the revascularization strategies within the two age groups. Older patients more often had prior myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, renal insufficiency, other comorbidities, and severe coronary anatomy. In-hospital mortality in the early vs. late or no revascularization groups was 45 vs. 61% for patients aged <75 years (p=0.002) and 48 vs. 81% for those aged >/=75 years (p=0.0003). After exclusion of 65 early deaths and covariate adjustment, the relative risk was 0.76 (0.59, 0.99; p=0.045) in patients aged <75 years and 0.46 (0.28, 0.75; p=0.002) in patients aged >/=75 years.
Conclusions: Elderly patients with myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock are less likely to be treated with invasive therapies than younger patients with shock. Covariate-adjusted modeling reveals that elderly patients selected for early revascularization have a lower mortality rate than those receiving a revascularization procedure later or never.