Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a multidomain serine protease that converts the zymogen plasminogen to plasmin. tPA contains two kringle domains which display considerable sequence identity with those of angiostatin, an angiogenesis inhibitor. TK1-2, a recombinant kringle domain composed of t-PA kringles 1 and 2 (Ala(90)-Thr(263)), was produced by both bacterial and yeast expression systems. In vitro, TK1-2 inhibited endothelial cell proliferation stimulated by basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and epidermal growth factor. It did not inhibit proliferation of non-endothelial cells. TK1-2 also inhibited in vivo angiogenesis in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane model. These results suggest that the recombinant kringle domain of t-PA is a selective inhibitor of endothelial cell growth and identifies this molecule as a novel anti-angiogenic agent.