Neuropsychological function has been little studied early in the course of adolescent onset schizophrenia. The present study investigated cognitive function in adolescents with recent onset schizophrenia (n=20) and healthy controls (n=21), employing a comprehensive battery of intelligence, memory and executive function paradigms. Relative to the control group, the patients showed significant or near-significant deficits in more than half of the cognitive variables we examined. A substantial proportion of this broadly based neuropsychological deficit could be accounted for, at least in part, by a mild decrement in general intellectual ability. However, deficits in general and verbal memory remained highly significant after co-varying for IQ.