Frequent co-occurrence of the TATA box mutation associated with Gilbert's syndrome (UGT1A1*28) with other polymorphisms of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase-1 locus (UGT1A6*2 and UGT1A7*3) in Caucasians and Egyptians

Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 May 1;65(9):1521-7. doi: 10.1016/s0006-2952(03)00074-1.


Polymorphisms of drug metabolizing enzymes are frequently associated with diseases and side effects of drugs. Recently, a TATA box mutation of UGT1A1 (UGT1A1*28), a common genotype leading to Gilbert's syndrome, and several missense mutations of other UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 (UGT1) family members have been described. Furthermore, co-occurrence of UGT1A1*28 and UGT1A6*2 has been observed. In order to elucidate the basis for co-occurrence of UGT1 mutations, fluorescence resonance energy transfer techniques were developed for rapid determination of polymorphisms of three UGT isoforms (UGT1A1*28, 1A6*2, and 1A7*2/*3). Hundred healthy Caucasians and 50 Egyptians were genotyped. All genotypes followed the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Only three major haplotypes were found, including a haplotype consisting of allelic variants of all three isoforms (29% in Caucasians and 22% in Egyptians), all leading to reduced UGT activity. Frequent haplotypes containing several UGT1 allelic variants should be taken into account in studies on the association between diseases, abnormal drug reactions, and UGT1 family polymorphisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Egypt
  • Gene Frequency
  • Gilbert Disease / genetics*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • TATA Box / genetics*
  • White People / genetics


  • UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, UGT1A6
  • UGT1A1 enzyme
  • Glucuronosyltransferase
  • UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, UGT1A7