Localized prostate cancer: radiation or surgery?

Urol Clin North Am. 2003 May;30(2):315-30, ix. doi: 10.1016/s0094-0143(02)00179-9.


The treatment of localized prostate cancer remains controversial because of the lack of conclusive well-controlled or randomized studies comparing outcomes of radiotherapy to outcomes of radical prostatectomy. A comparison of different therapies should include issues of cancer control, morbidity, quality of life (QOL), salvage of primary treatment failures, late effects, and cost. The available data suggest that these two modalities provide similar rates of cancer control at 10 years, and that except for the youngest patients, choice of therapy should be based on toxicity and QOL issues.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Counseling
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Patient Selection
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / blood
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Prostate-Specific Antigen