The role of the interventional radiologist in enteral alimentation

Eur Radiol. 2004 Jan;14(1):38-47. doi: 10.1007/s00330-003-1911-y. Epub 2003 May 8.


The provision of enteral nutrition through the placement of gastrostomy/gastrojejunostomy tubes is a well-established procedure. Traditionally, these catheters have been placed either surgically or endoscopically; however, over the past two decades interventional radiologists have increasingly performed these procedures successfully. The perceived advantages of this route lie in the reported lower morbidity and mortality rates. In addition, percutaneous radiologically guided (PRG) catheters may be placed in certain subgroups of patients in whom it would be technically difficult or impossible by other routes, e.g., patients with head and neck or oesophageal tumours. The aim of this review is to describe the techniques of radiologically placed gastrostomy/gastrojejunostomy, discuss its indications and contraindications, describe any associated potential complications and compare PRG results with the more established techniques of open surgical and endoscopic placement. We also describe some recent procedural and catheter modifications.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Enteral Nutrition / methods*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Safety
  • Female
  • Gastrostomy / instrumentation
  • Gastrostomy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiology, Interventional*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity