Early phase changes by concurrent endurance and strength training

J Strength Cond Res. 2003 May;17(2):393-401. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0393:epcbce>2.0.co;2.


To compare regimens of concurrent strength and endurance training, 26 male basketball players were matched for stature, body composition, and physical activity level. Subjects completed different training programs for 7 weeks, 4 days per week. Groups were as follows: (a) the strength group (S; n = 7) did strength training; (b) the endurance group (E; n = 7) did endurance training; (c) the strength and endurance group (S + E; n = 7) combined strength and endurance training; and (d) the control group (C; n = 5) had no training. The S + E group showed greater gains in Vo(2)max than the E group did (12.9% vs. 6.8%), whereas the S group showed a decline (8.8%). Gains were noted in strength and vertical jump performance for the S + E and S groups. The S + E group had better posttraining anaerobic power than the S group did (6.2% vs. 2.9%). No strength, power, or anaerobic power gains were present for the E and C groups. We conclude that concurrent endurance and strength training is more effective in terms of improving athletic performance than are endurance and strength training apart.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anaerobic Threshold
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anthropometry
  • Basketball / physiology*
  • Body Composition / physiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Physical Fitness
  • Probability
  • Reference Values
  • Time Factors
  • Weight Lifting / physiology*