The recently described family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) plays a major role in innate immunity by mediating inflammatory reactions against a wide array of pathogens. TLR-2 is reported to interact with various bacterial partial structures including lipoproteins, peptidoglycan, and lipoteichoic acid. Two polymorphisms of the TLR-2 gene have recently been described: Arg753Gln, correlated with the incidence of sepsis in a white population, and Arg677Trp, correlated with the incidence of lepromatous leprosy in an Asian population. Both polymorphisms, when inserted into expression vectors encoding for human TLR-2, reduced stimulation of Chinese hamster ovary cells by synthetic lipopeptides. We furthermore developed a rapid and inexpensive method for the detection of both single nucleotide polymorphisms based on restriction fragment length polymorphism. While no individuals carrying the Arg677Trp SNP were identified in a large group of whites, 9.4% of the study population were found to be heterozygous for the Arg753Gln polymorphism. This ratio is significantly higher than previously reported, and therefore detection of this polymorphism among patients may yield important information for the assessment of risk profiles regarding susceptibility to bacterial infections.