Stoichiometric and kinetic studies of phenolic antioxidants from Andean purple corn and red-fleshed sweetpotato

J Agric Food Chem. 2003 May 21;51(11):3313-9. doi: 10.1021/jf034109c.


Stoichiometric and kinetic values of phenolics against DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) were determined for Andean purple corn (Zea mays L.) and red sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). Both crops had higher antioxidant capacity and antiradical kinetics than blueberries and higher or similar anthocyanin and phenolic contents. The second-order rate constant (k(2)) was 1.56, 1.12, 0.57, and 0.26 (mg antiradical/mL)(-1) s(-1) for red sweetpotato, Trolox, purple corn, and blueberry, respectively. On the molar basis of active hydroxyl groups, k(2)' showed the same order as for k(2). Corn cob and sweetpotato endodermis contributed the most in phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. Both crops studied can be considered as excellent novel sources of natural antioxidants for the functional food and dietary supplement markets.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis
  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Blueberry Plants / chemistry
  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Ipomoea batatas / chemistry*
  • Kinetics
  • Phenols / analysis*
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Picrates / chemistry
  • Plant Structures / chemistry
  • Vegetables / chemistry
  • Zea mays / chemistry*


  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Phenols
  • Picrates
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl