Purpose: To study the feasibility of placing a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent graft into native coronary arteries and assess the complications and the restenosis rate.
Material and methods: Fifty consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris were included and the stent graft was placed into native coronary arteries. Clinical and angiographic follow-up were performed after 6 months.
Results: The stent grafts were successfully placed in all patients. The mean reference diameter was 3.3 +/- 0.6 mm. During follow-up the stent grafts occluded in patients after 1, 2 and 2.5 months and one more was occluded at 6 months. Three patients experienced myocardial infarction, 2 Q wave and one non-Q wave. After 6 months 42 (84%) patients had angina NYHA class 0 or 1. Target vessel revascularization was done in 11 cases for restenosis in the graft (n = 4), outside the graft (n = 3) and both (n = 4), giving a restenosis rate of 24%. The total major adverse coronary events at 6 months was 24%.
Conclusion: The stent graft was deployed with a high success rate. The restenosis rate was not higher than expected for bare stents. However, this study showed that subacute occlusion may occur more frequently and we therefore recommend that ticlopidine or clopidogrel treatment should be prolonged to at least 3 months.