Respiratory chain complex I deficiencies represent a genetically heterogeneous group of diseases resulting from mutations in either mitochondrial or nuclear DNA. Combination of denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and sequence analysis allowed us to show that a 4-bp deletion in intron 2 (IVS2+5_+8delGTAA) of the NDUFV2 gene (encoding NADH dehydrogenase ubiquinone flavoprotein 2) causes complex I deficiency and early onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with trunk hypotonia in three affected sibs of a consanguineous family. The homozygous mutation altering the consensus splice-donor site of exon 2 resulted in 70% decreased NDUFV2 protein and complex I deficiency. While mutation in a number of genes encoding complex I subunits essentially result in neurological symptoms, this first mutation in NDUFV2 is strikingly associated with cardiomyopathy, as previously observed in the unique case of NDFUS2 mutations.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.