Background: We wanted to review our 7-year experience using the loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP) for the treatment of cervical dysplasia in a family practice residency setting in the rural South.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective study with data gathered from chart review of a mostly Medicaid and uninsured patient population of rural Southern women referred from outlying health departments or private practices within an 80-mile radius. The women received follow-up Papanicolaou smears, and outcome measurements were either recurrence of dysplasia or at least 1 year with two negative Papanicolaou smears. Any surgical tissue obtained after LEEP was used to ascertain residual or recurrent dysplasia.
Results: Rates of disease recurrence and incomplete excision of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 (CIN 2/3) compared favorably with results published by expert US gynecologists but were worse than those reported by European authors, who excise all CIN (CIN 1, CIN 2, and CIN 3).
Conclusion: CIN 2 and CIN 3 can be diagnosed and treated appropriately with LEEP in the setting of a family practice residency.