Liver and intestinal transplantation in a child with cystic fibrosis: a case report

Pediatr Transplant. 2003 Jun;7(3):240-2. doi: 10.1034/j.1399-3046.2003.00064.x.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that presents as a multisystem disease with meconium ileus being the presenting symptom in 20% of patients. Approximately half of these patients present with complicated meconium ileus mandating early surgical intervention, potentially resulting in short gut syndrome. Although liver transplantation in children with CF has been described, this is the first report of a combined liver and small bowel transplant in a recipient with CF. A 7-month-old boy with CF presented with short bowel syndrome following extensive small bowel resection for meconium ileus and progressive cholestatic liver failure from intravenous hyperalimentation. He underwent combined liver and small intestinal transplant. He was discharged home three weeks post-transplant on enteral feeds with supplemental intravenous fluid. He has had routine protocol small bowel allograft biopsies with no documented rejection episodes. He has been treated for minor respiratory infections without major sequelae. Improvements in pulmonary therapy have impacted on the survival in the CF population to the point where the need for multiorgan transplantation will be increased in the future. Extrapolating from the excellent experience of liver transplantation in children with CF, early liver and small intestinal multivisceral transplantation, if indicated, can be performed safely in children with CF.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intestinal Obstruction / surgery
  • Intestine, Small / transplantation*
  • Liver Failure / etiology
  • Liver Failure / surgery
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Meconium
  • Short Bowel Syndrome / etiology
  • Short Bowel Syndrome / surgery