It takes two to mimic: behavioral consequences of self-construals

J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 May;84(5):1093-102. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.5.1093.


The present studies demonstrated the moderation of self-construal orientation on mimicry. Recent research has indicated that an interdependent self-construal is associated with assimilation of the other to the self whereas an independent self-construal is associated with minimizing the influence of others on the self (H. R. Markus & S. Kitayama, 1991; D. Stapel & W. Koomen, 2001). Therefore, the authors hypothesized that an interdependent self-construal would be associated with more mimicry than an independent self-construal. When self-construal orientations were experimentally primed, as in Studies 1 and 2, independent self-construals produced less nonconscious mimicry than interdependent self-construals. When self-construals were examined as cultural differences with either a chronically dominant independent (Americans) or interdependent (Japanese) construal of the self, these results were replicated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Behavior*
  • Students / psychology
  • Time Factors
  • United States