Blood culture isolates from children admitted to Medical Unit III, Yangon Children's Hospital, 1998

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2002 Dec;33(4):764-71.


A one year study (August 1998-July 1999) of bacteremia in febrile children was carried out in the Medical Unit (III), Yangon Children's Hospital (YCH), Myanmar, to determine: (1) the bacteria responsible for fever of five days or more in children; (2) the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of these bacteria. Children aged one month to 12 years who had fever for five days or more and who did not receive antibiotics within the first 48 hours irrespective of the diagnosis were included in this study. A total of 120 patients fulfilled the criteria. Bacteria could be isolated from 65 cases (54.2%). The commonest organism isolated was Salmonella typhi (43.1%). Others included Escherichia coli (12.3%), Staphylococcus aureus (7.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7.7%); Streptococcus, Shigella, Diplococcus, Klebsiella and Acinetobacter were also isolated. The Salmonella typhi were resistant to conventional antibiotics (ampicillin, amoxicillin, chloramphenicol, and co-trimoxazole); however, they were sensitive to amikacin, netilmicin, nalidixic acid, and cephalothin. A cluster of enteric fever cases from Mingalartaungnyunt township was noticed and was reported to the Directorate of Health. Changes in the incidence and etiology of bacteremia in hospitals are well documented. Sentinel surveys of bacteremia in major hospitals should be carried out in order to detect the changing patterns of bacteremia and antibiotic sensitivity; such surveys will be of great help in establishing local antibiotic policies.

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Bacteremia / blood
  • Bacteremia / complications
  • Bacteremia / epidemiology*
  • Bacteremia / microbiology*
  • Bacteriological Techniques
  • Bradycardia / microbiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Female
  • Fever / microbiology*
  • Hepatomegaly / microbiology
  • Hospitals, Pediatric / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Lung Diseases / microbiology
  • Male
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Myanmar / epidemiology
  • Needs Assessment
  • Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
  • Sentinel Surveillance
  • Sex Distribution
  • Splenomegaly / microbiology