Potential involvement of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1/CCL2 in IL-4-mediated tumor immunity through inducing dendritic cell migration into the draining lymph nodes

Int Immunopharmacol. 2003 May;3(5):627-42. doi: 10.1016/S1567-5769(02)00251-5.


We previously observed that IL-4 gene transduction into a mouse colon 26 adenocarcinoma cell line abrogated its tumorigenicity due to the generation of anti-tumor CTL. DEC-205- and CD11c-double positive cells were increased in the lymph nodes of mice injected with IL-4-transfected cells between 2 and 3 days after the tumor injection, compared with those injected with parental cells. Most of these double positive cells expressed CD86 antigen. Among the chemokines with chemotactic activities against dendritic cells, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1/CCL2, ABCD-1/CCL22, and liver and activation-regulated chemokine (LARC)/CCL20 gene expression was enhanced no later than 3 days after the tumor injection, in the draining lymph nodes of IL-4-transfected cell bearing mice. Moreover, gene expression of the receptor for MCP-1/CCL2, CCR2, was enhanced in the draining lymph nodes of the mice injected with IL-4-transfected cells, and most DEC-205-positive cells in the lymph nodes expressed CCR2. Finally, the administration of anti-MCP-1/CCL2 antibodies retarded the rate of tumor regression in mice injected with IL-4-tranfected cells, concomitantly with a decrease in DEC-205- and CD11c-double positive cell number in the draining lymph nodes. Thus, locally produced MCP-1/CCL2 may be responsible for IL-4-mediated tumor rejection presumably based on the induction of dendritic cell migration into the draining lymph nodes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / immunology*
  • Animals
  • Antibodies / chemistry
  • Antibodies / immunology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemokine CCL2 / physiology*
  • Chemokines / biosynthesis
  • Colonic Neoplasms / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells / physiology*
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Interleukin-4 / genetics
  • Interleukin-4 / physiology*
  • Lymph Nodes / cytology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Receptors, Chemokine / biosynthesis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology*
  • Transfection


  • Antibodies
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Chemokines
  • Receptors, Chemokine
  • Interleukin-4
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor