Management of intracranial dural arteriovenous shunts in adults

Eur J Radiol. 2003 Jun;46(3):206-20. doi: 10.1016/s0720-048x(03)00092-5.


Dural arteriovenous shunts are abnormal arteriovenous communications within the dura. They are thought to be an acquired condition in adults and can present with a variety of clinical features, ranging from benign bruits to intracranial hemorrhage and neurological deficits. The presentation and natural history of these shunts is largely determined by the pattern of venous drainage. Knowledge of natural history and careful study of the angioarchitexture by angiography is therefore mandatory for correct management of these lesions. In this review, principles of management in adults and the various factors that influence treatment decisions are discussed, with a focus on endovascular therapy. Retrograde leptomeningeal or cortical venous drainage has a strong correlation with adverse clinical events and the requirement for aggressive management in this situation is highlighted. Indications for endovascular treatment, therapeutic goals, approaches and techniques are reviewed. The role of surgical treatment is also briefly discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / complications
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / pathology
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / physiopathology
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / surgery
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / therapy*
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / etiology
  • Dura Mater / blood supply*
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology
  • Radiosurgery
  • Tinnitus / etiology
  • Treatment Outcome