The high prevalence of post-transplant glucose intolerance and insulin resistance (IR) is associated with older age, family history of diabetes, immunosuppressive drugs, and antihypertensive therapy. However, the potential determinants of post-transplant beta-cell dysfunction are largely unknown. The objective of the present study was to address this issue in detail. A total of 167 previously nondiabetic renal transplant recipients underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)10 weeks after transplantation. Serum glucose and insulin were measured at 0, 1, and 2 hours. Three insulin release indices (Secr(AUC), Secr(1.phase), and Secr(2.phase)) were calculated to assess the insulin secretory response as the dependent variable. To account for variations in insulin sensitivity (IS), beta-cell function was also estimated as the disposition index (DI); the product of the IS index (ISI(TX)) and Secr(1.phase). Increasing age was strongly and independently associated with a blunted insulin secretory response even after adjustment for IS (P =.001). An 80-year-old recipient had an approximately 50% lower insulin release than a 20-year-old individual, based on the linear regression model. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease and treatment with furosemide were both independently associated with beta-cell dysfunction (DI; P <.001 and P =.008). Patients treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors had an enhanced absolute insulin release, but the DI was similar in both treated and untreated recipients. We conclude that older age is an important determinant of beta-cell dysfunction after renal transplantation. CMV disease and treatment with furosemide may also negatively influence pancreatic insulin release in renal transplant recipients.
Copyright 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.