Cell output, cell cycle duration and neuronal specification: a model of integrated mechanisms of the neocortical proliferative process

Cereb Cortex. 2003 Jun;13(6):592-8. doi: 10.1093/cercor/13.6.592.


The neurons of the neocortex are generated over a 6 day neuronogenetic interval that comprises 11 cell cycles. During these 11 cell cycles, the length of cell cycle increases and the proportion of cells that exits (Q) versus re-enters (P) the cell cycle changes systematically. At the same time, the fate of the neurons produced at each of the 11 cell cycles appears to be specified at least in terms of their laminar destination. As a first step towards determining the causal interrelationships of the proliferative process with the process of laminar specification, we present a two-pronged approach. This consists of (i) a mathematical model that integrates the output of the proliferative process with the laminar fate of the output and predicts the effects of induced changes in Q and P during the neuronogenetic interval on the developing and mature cortex and (ii) an experimental system that allows the manipulation of Q and P in vivo. Here we show that the predictions of the model and the results of the experiments agree. The results indicate that events affecting the output of the proliferative population affect both the number of neurons produced and their specification with regard to their laminar fate.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cerebral Ventricles / cytology
  • Cerebral Ventricles / embryology
  • Computer Simulation
  • Culture Techniques
  • Epithelium / embryology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Microfilament Proteins / deficiency
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Models, Neurological*
  • Muscle Proteins*
  • Neocortex / cytology
  • Neocortex / embryology*
  • Neocortex / physiology*
  • Neurons / classification
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / physiology*


  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Tagln protein, mouse