Evaluation of renal graft haemodynamia by 51Cr-EDTA and o-[131I]iodohippurate: its use in the early diagnosis of glomerular hyperfiltration

Nucl Med Commun. 2003 Jun;24(6):679-82. doi: 10.1097/00006231-200306000-00010.


Chronic rejection is the most important cause of renal graft dysfunction. Non-immunological mechanisms have been suggested as a probable origin of chronic graft rejection, provoking a decrease in renal mass function, followed by glomerular hyperfiltration in the remnant nephrons, which could cause progressive glomerulosclerosis and functional loss. Early, or preclinical, identification of patients with glomerular hyperfiltration, defined as an increase in glomerular filtration fraction (GFF) and in glomerular capillary pressure (GCP), could prolong graft life. The objective of this study was to evaluate, non-invasively, stable renal graft haemodynamia and early glomerular hyperfiltration. We studied 116 renal transplant patients with stable renal function and five healthy living kidney donors with normal renal function. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) were determined using 51Cr-EDTA and o-[131I]iodohippurate, respectively. GFF was obtained from the relation between GFR and ERPF, and GCP from a mathematical model (Hall-Gomez' formula). A simultaneous analysis of renal function was performed. In transplant patients, the GFR and ERPF were significantly lower than in healthy, living, kidney donors (P<0.02). The same trend was observed for GCP (P<0.01), while GFF was not significantly different. Twelve patients (10.3%) had criteria of glomerular hyperfiltration. In patients without criteria of glomerular hyperfiltration, plasma level and clearance of creatinine were 128+/-33 micromol.l-1 and 56+/-15 ml.min-1, respectively; and in those patients with glomerular hyperfiltration criteria were 108+/-18 micromol.l-1 (P=NS) and 83+/-24 ml.min-1 (P=0.002) respectively. It is concluded that determinations of GFR, ERPF, GFF and GCP allow non-invasive evaluation of renal graft haemodynamia and can be useful in the early detection of glomerular hyperfiltration.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Edetic Acid*
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate*
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iodohippuric Acid*
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging*
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Kidney / surgery*
  • Kidney Function Tests / methods
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Renal Circulation
  • Renal Plasma Flow*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Iodohippuric Acid
  • Edetic Acid