Purpose: To compare intraindividually gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) with gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) for multi-station MR Angiography of the run-off vessels.
Materials and methods: Twenty-one randomized healthy volunteers received either Gd-BOPTA or Gd-DTPA as a first injection and then the other agent as a second injection after a minimum interval of 6 days. Each agent was administered at a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg bodyweight followed by a 25-mL saline flush at a single constant flow rate of 0.8 mL/second. Images were acquired sequentially at the level of the pelvis, thigh, and calf using a fast three-dimensional (3D) gradient echo sequence. Source, subtracted source, maximum intensity projection (MIP), and subtracted MIP image sets from each examination were evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively on a segmental basis involving nine vascular segments.
Results: Significantly (P < 0.05) higher signal-to-noise and contrast-to-noise ratios were noted for Gd-BOPTA compared to Gd-DTPA, with the more pronounced differences evident in the more distal vessels. Qualitative assessmentrevealed no differences in the abdominal vasculature, a preference for Gd-BOPTA in the pelvic vasculature, and markedly better performance for Gd-BOPTA in the femoral and tibial vasculature. Summation of individual diagnostic quality scores for each segment revealed a significantly (P = 0.0001) better performance for Gd-BOPTA compared to Gd-DTPA.
Conclusion: Greater vascular enhancement of the run-off vasculature is obtained after Gd-BOPTA, particularly in the smaller more distal vessels. Enhancement differences are not merely dose dependent, but may be due to different vascular enhancement characteristics of the agents.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.