Lipid metabolism during sequential gonotrophic cycles in large and small female Aedes aegypti

J Insect Physiol. 2002 May;48(5):547-554. doi: 10.1016/s0022-1910(02)00072-0.

Abstract

The lipid metabolism was investigated during six gonotrophic cycles of Aedes aegypti. Females of constant body size were analyzed for their total lipid content: large females with a body size of 41.06 (wing length cubed) and small females with 15.63. Their lipid contents at eclosion were compared to lipid values after two days of sugar-feeding, shortly before a blood meal, after oviposition, of their total egg batches, and again before the next blood meal, with intermittent access to sugar for two days for six gonotrophic cycles.Large females transferred most of their pre-blood meal lipid into the ovaries. Their low lipid content after oviposition was restored by synthesis from intermittent sugar meals. After the third gonotrophic cycle, they withheld more and more of the resynthesized lipid in their fat body, thus gradually reducing their fecundity. Since blood consumption was not altered significantly during these six cycles, age-related reduction of fecundity was clearly caused by limitations of yolk lipid.Small females transferred a considerably smaller, but constant segment of sugar-derived lipids to the ovaries. In both size classes, lipid content per oocyte was constant throughout all cycles with 9 mcal/oocyte in large and 7 mcal/oocyte in small females. Total fecundity reached 450 eggs in large and 280 eggs in small females. Large females that were maintained on water without sucrose took large blood meals from which part of the yolk lipid was synthesized. Extrapolations suggest that only one or two additional gonotrophic cycles would be possible without additional carbohydrate sources, despite lipogenesis from blood protein.