Learning and memory of Drosophila mutants dunce, amnesiac and radish which were isolated originally from the classical olfactory learning paradigm are analyzed in an operant visual learning paradigm. Dunce appears to show normal ability to learn during training, but its memory is significantly affected. Though the learning index during the first minute after training is normal, its short-term memory (STM), anesthesia-resistant memory (ARM) and long-term memory (LTM) are all significantly damaged. Amnesiac displays disrupted middle-term memory (MTM), while its STM and LTM remain unchanged. Learning and memory in radish mutants seem to be unaffected. These results lend support to the argument that there are certain common molecular mechanisms underlying learning and memory through different tasks and the previous multi-phase model of visual memory is modified in a genetic way.