This study examines the associations between multimedia behavior change communication (BCC) campaigns and women's and men's use of and intention to use modern contraceptive methods in target areas of Uganda. Data are drawn primarily from the 1997 and 1999 Delivery of Improved Services for Health (DISH) evaluation surveys, which collected information from representative samples of women and men of reproductive age in the districts served by the DISH project. Additional time-trend analyses rely on data from the 1995 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey. Logistic regressions are used to assess the associations between BCC exposure and family planning attitudes and practices, controlling for individuals' background characteristics. To minimize the biases of self-reported exposure, the analyses also explore cluster-level indexes of the penetration of BCC messages in the community. Results indicate that exposure to BCC messages was associated with increased contraceptive use and intention to use. Some evidence of self-reported bias is found, and the pathways to fertility-related behavioral change appear different for women and men.